10 ways to boost to your fertility
Similarly, extremely low weight (body mass index BMI < 17) often means that the body cannot produce enough hormones to produce oocytes or maintain a pregnancy. Exercise, without extremes, can help maintain a healthy weight. Women who exercise intensely (eg long distance runners) may stop producing oocytes or ovulate less often.
Excessive exercise also increases the risk of miscarriage. Discuss your exercise regime with your gynaecologist or midwife when trying to get pregnant.
A balanced diet includes foods rich in protein such as meat, fish, low fat dairy products, eggs and beans. Vegetarians can get essential amino acids by including a variety of delicious protein foods in their diet such as rice, beans and tofu.
If the duration is much longer, eg 42 days, ovulation becomes less frequent or does not occur at all, and a visit to the Gynecologist is recommended.
When a woman wishes to conceive, the “fertile window” should be determined during which regular sexual intercourse is recommended.
A woman’s fertile days are usually the day of ovulation and 3-4 days earlier, not later.
The theory, however, that ovulation occurs by default on the 14th day of the cycle is not accurate. Ovulation varies dramatically from woman to woman and may occur as early as Day 6 or as late as Day 21 of the cycle.
How can a woman determine when she will ovulate? She may try using an ovulation kit, which measures certain hormones in the urine, or monitor the daily changes in her body temperature and cervical mucus. Nevertheless, the reliability of these methods is limited, and individualized guidance from a Gynaecologist is recommended.
Proper management of stress through relaxation techniques (such as meditation or yoga) or support from a counselor or a group, can regulate the hormones levels.
Alcohol alters the estrogen levels, which may affect implantation, although an occasional glass of wine with dinner is unlikely to harm fertility.
The consumption of caffeine should also be reduced, while attempting to conceive as well as during pregnancy.
Sex every 36 to 48 hours, a few days before ovulation will increase the chances of getting pregnant.
An unpleasant odor and vaginal secretions are often the only indications of infection.
Such infections have been linked to premature birth and may be associated with an increased risk of miscarriage and infertility.
A visit to the doctor is necessary if any symptoms of vaginitis are observed (eg itching, burning sensation, abnormal mucus, ulcers, etc.).
For some women, the pill may be critical for the maintenance of fertility because it keeps endometriosis and uterine fibroids under control. Once birth control pills are stopped, the cycle returns to its previous state in about a month.
Cigarettes, alcohol and a poor diet are all factors that may reduce sperm production or sperm motility.
Studies have also reported chromosomal damage in spermatozoa due to smoking and alcohol.
Anti-oxidants, such as Vitamins E and C, selenium, carnitine, etc., assist in producing healthy sperm. Therefore, the daily intake of a multivitamin is a good first step.
Sperm production takes approximately three months, hence steps should be taken to improve the husband’s reproductive health at least 3 to 6 months prior to attempting to get pregnant.